Type to search

India Indian sub-continent Kerala Travelogues

Wayanad Itinerary- Exploring the Wild and Wonderful

Wayanad was our introduction to Kerala, our first trip to God’s own country. I have created this Wayanad itinerary based on my personal experience to inspire you for a trip to the idyllic hill station. Located only 275 km from Bangalore, Wayanad is an amazing weekend getaway from Bangalore. I’ll recommend spending at least two full days in Wayanad to experience the best of it. Of course, when it comes to the Western Ghats, the more the better. But two to three nights is the time we normally get on extended weekends.

The post contains affiliate links. This means if you make any purchase through the links in the post, I may get a commission without any additional cost to you. This income helps me to keep the site up and kicking.

Story of our first Wayanad Trip

Wayanad was our first trip right after our marriage in December 2015. We were still adjusting to our new jobs and didn’t want to extend our leaves for honeymoon. So I booked a nice coffee resort in Vythri and Friday-night bus tickets for the Christmas weekend. We reached the place by 4 am, but our hotel owner was kind enough to have someone take us to our cottage at the wee-hours. It was completely dark so we decided to take the much-needed rest before starting for the day. Yes, it was our first trip after marriage, but I remember the trip for a few other reasons. Well, that’s a story for a different day. 

On our second trip, we went with my in-laws to celebrate our anniversary. This time it was a road trip and a luxurious stay amidst the jungles of Sultan Bathery. Based on our experience I have created a few alternative Wayanad itineraries for all types of holidays.

Pin the image below to save the post


Wayanad Itinerary - A Comprehensive Travel Guide to the Heavenly District of Kerala, India. Tea gardens, coffee groves, lakes, mountains , waterfalls.. the list goes on for a perfect weekend getaway from Bangalore or Kochi. #Travel #Wayanad


What do you need to know about Wayanad before you visit?

Travel guides and itineraries abound the internet. But here are a few things you need to know about Wayanad before you visit. Wayanad is not just a small hill station, it’s a mid-size district in Kerala. So it is impossible to “cover” Wayanad in 2-3 days. If you want to visit all the top destinations listed in the travel guide in a couple of days, remember that many of them are far apart from each other. Here’s some information that will help you decide how you want to plan it out.

Wayanad Map

Wayanad is a fascinating place, not just for nature-lovers but also for history-buffs. Archeologists found traces of human civilization that have existed here for over 6000 years. The Edakkal caves are the glowing evidence of the claim. However, there is not much of documented history of this region before the 18th century. Wayanad has the largest tribal community in Kerala. Many of these tribal groups were treated as slaves by the landlords for a long time. The historic Bonded Labor Act of 1976 made this unconstitutional. Now, most of these tribes make a living from their skills in agriculture, carpentry, and craftsmanship. You can learn a lot about the tribes of Wayanad and their life in the Wayanad Heritage Museum.

Wayanad is surrounded by the Bandipur, Nagarhole and Mudumalai forests in the east. These three together with the eastern forests of Wayanad has the largest tiger population in the whole world. While the whole district is covered in green, if you love jungle safaris you should stay towards the east near the Muthanga hills. The region Sultan Bathery in the interiors of Wayanad is famous for the Edakkal Caves and other heritage sites.


Church at Sultan Bathery, Wayanad Itinerary
When driving in Sultan Bathery, you can’t help but notice that it’s speckled with some beautiful churches.


Most people, however, stay in Vythri and Kalpetta for the serene and a very typical “Wayanad” experience. These places are located at a higher altitude are close to the famous breathtaking spots of Wayanad. These include the Chembra peak, the earthen dams, lakes, river-islands and more. This is also where you will find aromatic spice gardens, coffee groves, and tea plantations. For a rather offbeat experience, you can stay in Thirunelly in the far west.

Check hotels in Wayanad

Wayanad Itinerary – Best Places to visit

Resplendent lakes, dense forests, aromatic spice plantations, scenic treks – Wayanad is truly a nature seeker’s paradise. Personally I like to choose places that are not too crowded, so plantation trails, river-walks, and treks are higher on my list of preferences. Chembra peak was the top recommendation from my friend I consulted before our trip. However, the trek often remains closed either because the roads are damaged due to monsoon or due to forest-fire alerts in the dry seasons. So while you may be all upbeat about doing the trek which ends at a heart-shaped lake at the top of a hill, do have a backup plan always. So keeping these in mind, these are the optional itineraries to consider for a trip to Wayanad.


Wayanad Itinerary - Banasura Sagara Dam photo
The picture-perfect Banasura Sagara Dam


Day 1 Wayanad Itinerary

  • Reach by 9 am and have breakfast
  • Visit the Banasura Sagara Dam
  • Check out the Karlad Lake just 5 km away from Banasura Sagara Lake ( if you are put up around Vythri)
  • Meenmutty Falls (optional) or Banasura Spice Garden tour
  • Break for lunch – Kerala porota is my favorite!
  • Board a bamboo raft and visit Kuruvadweep
  • Spend time at the Pookode lake (if it’s not too crowded)
  • Retire at the resort


Church at Sultan Bathery, Wayanad Places to visit
Another beautiful church at Sultan Bathery


Day 2 Wayanad Itinerary

If you love trekking and natural beauty, then this is the perfect day2 itinerary for you.

  • Wake up early morning for Chembra peak trek
  • Pack your breakfast or have it after the trek
  • Drive by the Karapuzha Lake
  • Tea plantation and tea factory tour

However, the Chembra peak is often closed due to forest fire, bad weather, and other reasons. So this is the alternative itinerary which is suitable for both trekkers and families.

  • Trek to the Soochipara waterfalls.
  • Explore the Edakkal caves in Sultan Bathery
  • Visit the Ancient Jain temple located in Sultan Bathery(optional)
  • Short trek to the Phantom Rock
  • Then visit the Heritage museum Wayanad
  • In the end, rest at the Kalpetta tea estate

Skip to this section for my detailed review of each of these places and other important information.

Day 3 for more

If you are staying for 2 nights, and have even half of the day 3 in Wayanad you can attempt the Chembra peak trek in the early morning. Otherwise, start driving and check out the beautiful churches and viewpoints on your way. Drive through Bandipur National park on your way back to Bangalore. You can also take a longer route through Gudalur in Tamil Nadu. That will take you inside the Mudumalai National Park.

Where to stay in Wayanad?

coffee grove river

I will recommend you to stay away from the town in a plantation resort or homestay. Most of the places are closed by 6 pm and driving after sunset on the hilly roads is not a great idea. So during our stay at a Coffee Estate Resort at Vythiri, we spent our time walking in the coffee plantations and hiking through the forests up to the river all of which was in the 300-acre property. Located just 3km away from the bus stand, there is a small rivulet flowing through the property as well.

We loved the traditional Kerala porota and king-fish curry which we had for dinner.

There are many amazing homestays, resorts, and hotels where you can stay in Vythri and Kalpetta. Click on the links to check price and availability.

Sterling Wayanad - Where to stay in Wayanad

On our second trip, we stayed at Sterling Resort in Sultan Bathery. It’s located inside the Muthunga forests and offers luxury in the lap of nature. However, because of its location, it is quite far from most of the attractions in Wayanad and has poor network coverage. This is the perfect place for a relaxing family vacation.

Browse hotels and homestays at Sultan Bathery.

Top Places to visit in Wayanad in 3 days

Still confused about planning your itinerary. Let me help you here. Here is a snapshot of the top places to visit in Wayanad in order of my preference.

Banasura Sagara Dam

Wayanad Dam

Built on a tributary of Kabini, Banasura Sagara is the largest earthen dam in India and the second largest in Asia. But what’s more important than the records is the fact that it’s by far the most beautiful dam I have ever seen. The spectacular lake with Banasura hills at its backdrop is dotted with tiny islands. There are beautifully curated gardens and parks with a large variety of plants. There are walkways, bridges and pools enveloped in lush green foliage. It almost looks like a page cut out of a fairytale. 


Speedboating at Banasura Sagara Lake, Wayanad Itinerary
We managed to convince our scared parents for a speedboat ride and it was a truly remarkable experience. Special thanks to our sailor for this click


The lake is brimming with activities and there is no dearth of entertainment for kids or adults. Earlier vehicles were allowed to enter the premises of the Banasura Sagara Lake, but now the parking area has been moved. If you don’t want to walk to the lakeside, you can board the vans that ferry people to and from the ticket counter. Water-sports include speedboating, bamboo-rafting, kayaking, coracle rides, and even water scooters. Outside the lake, you have the largest zip-lining trail in Wayanad, inside the Banasura Sagara Dam’s premises. Besides these, there are children’s parks, a horror-house,  a VR-room, fish-spa among other numerous options that I noticed.

Entry Ticket – Rs. 30 for adults

Van Ticket – Rs. 10 per-side, per-person

Speedboating – Rs. 950 for a group of 5 (max)

*This is the most popular place in Wayanad for all good reasons. So visit it early in the day before the long queues appear for boating


Banasura Sagara Lake
This is another stunning view of the Banasura Sagara Lake – the largest earthen lake in the world. We took this picture on our way to the Karlad Lake from the Banasura Sagara Dam


Chembra Peak

A trek to Chembra peak is still on my wishlist and I’m going to fulfill it soon. Hiking amidst the tea gardens and forests to the heart-shaped lake must be amazing. The roads were closed on our last visit, so we parked it for next time. I’ll update this section with more details when I do the trek so, for now, watch this video and get inspired like me.

Sailing to Kuruva Island on a Bamboo Raft

Kabini bamboo raft

A visit to Kuruva island is a truly memorable experience. It’s not the typical island that comes to your mind when you think of one. It’s a group of three islands on the river Kabini that are accessible waterways only. The islands are rich in flora and fauna, a great place for hiking and bird-watching. To maintain its unique biodiversity the island is protected. You can visit only with a forest permit and by boarding on these bamboo rafts as you can see in the picture above. The raft is nothing but a large number of bamboo logs piled together to stay afloat in the river.

kuruvu island

Kalpetta tea estate

Wayanad is known for coffee and spice plantations, while Munnar is for tea. Well, at least that was my idea before visiting Wayanad. I was pleasantly surprised at the sight of rolling hills covered in lush green tea shrubs all along our route in Kerala. After an exhausting and rather underwhelming experience in the Edakkal caves, we asked our driver to take us somewhere which is un-touristy. He took us to one of the many tea estates in Wayanad. To our relief, there was no one there except the farmers and a few animals. We loved the solitude amidst the beautiful tea gardens.

Coffee groves, orchids, paddy fields – I have visited many of them. But I can’t think of something more mesmerizing to the eyes as the vast stretch of tea gardens with tall trees in between. A trip to an off-the-radar tea garden was one of my favorite experiences in Wayanad. You can also visit the tea museum to know more about tea production.

Love Coffee? Experience Chikmagalur – The Land of Coffee in Karnataka.

Phantom Rock

Phantom Rock, Wayanad Itinerary

Located in Sultan Bathery, few kilometers away from the Edakkal Caves, this is one of the least famous places in Wayanad tucked away from the common tourist route. However, this is one of the most striking sights you can see without much trekking. On your 10-minute trek you will also walk through the Rubber-tree forest and see bowls tied to the bark of the trees to extract latex. Time to remember those geography lessons! In fact, you can even trek to the top of the Phantom Rock, which we saw some experts do in very little time.

Edakkal Caves

edakkal caves

Edakkal Caves is the only place in India where you can find stone-age rock-art. These are older than the Elephanta caves or Ajanta Ellora. If you are a Game of Thrones fan, remember that episode where Jon Snow discovered the white-walker paintings in the caves? That’s roughly how the carvings in the Edakkal caves look, except not so cartoonishly colorful. Even hearing about the place made me intrigued and my expectations knew no bounds. Unfortunately, we were greeted by a 2-hour long queue under the scorching heat. It’s located at the top of a hill, so it involved trekking in the crowd. It’s not really a great experience you can imagine. It reminded me of the long queues of Durga Puja pandals in Kolkata.

Once we reached the top we felt like we could finally spread our arms and get some air. The caves were beautiful, but don’t expect the intricate carvings of Ajanta Ellora there. These are pre-historic rock-carvings, at a time when Man was learning to communicate through art. It’s a beautiful idea, just go around and feel it. It’s difficult to do so on a peak holiday season with so much cacophony around. But it’s worth trying to. The views from the caves are breathtaking. There are some modern carvings outside the main caves, beautification is done for tourists. The picture above is one of them.

Wayanad Heritage Museum


Wayanad Heritage Museum
At the well-curated lawn of the Wayanad Heritage Museum


The Heritage Museum of Wayanad, located in Sultan Bathery is another under-rated gem. It is mainly dedicated to the life and history of the tribes of Wayanad. You will find the items of their daily use which have remained almost unchanged for centuries. You will also find some stone artifacts excavated from different places in Wayanad which were made to celebrate the victory of tribal warriors. You will also find many ancient sculptures of Hindu deities as well as tribal deities excavated from different regions – under the river, inside the forest or under-ground. 

Entry Ticket – Rs. 20 for adults

*Photography is prohibited inside the museum

Soochipara Falls

soochipara falls

“Soochi” means “needle” and “para” means “rock” in the local language. Soochipara falls are the needle-shaped three-tiered falls that plunge from the Vellarimala hills in Wayanad. It is also known as the Sentical Rock Falls. Surrounded by forests of deciduous trees this is the most beautiful waterfall in Wayanad. And it is a perennial waterfall. Even in the absolutely dry season in December, water was jutting out from between the rocks forming this beautiful rainbow that you can see in the picture above.

Lakkidi viewpoint

A road trip in Wayanad will be slow because you might feel like stopping the car every now and then just to look around. Lakkidi is a quaint hamlet in Wayanad covered in green. The Lakkidi viewpoint is at a hairpin bent along the road in the hills. The captivating views will make you fall in love with Wayanad.

Coffee groves, spice plantations and more

coffee plantation

A tour of the coffee groves and spice plantations of Wayanad ranks higher than many other “top destinations” in Wayanad. Wayanad is a popular tourist destination and almost all famous locations are brimming with tourists in the holiday season. Strolling around on your own in a private plantation is a refreshing change from the destination-hopping in Wayanad. Tea plantations are normally much larger and corporate-owned. It’s because tea requires a lot more labor and investment.

Coffee and spice plantations require relatively less maintenance. So you will find a large number of privately owned and operated coffee plantations in Wayanad. Most of the plantation owners also have a homestay to welcome tourists and give them a taste of real Wayanad. We spent a great time in the coffee groves, watched the farmers drying the coffee beans and hiked in the groves to the riverside.

Wildlife tour in Wayanad

Wildlife in Wayanad
We saw this elephant treading solo near the river at Mudumalai National Park, on our way back from Wayanad


Muthunga wildlife sanctuary located in the east of Wayanad is where you can see elephants, tigers and a vast range of exotic Indian wildlife. From what I have read and heard, the jungle safaris in Wayanad wildlife sanctuary are not well-organized. If you are visiting from Bangalore, or even if you are not, it’s worth driving to the nearby Nagarhole National park or Bandipur Tiger reserve instead. They are located in Karnataka but are just across the border of Wayanad.

Pookode Lake

Pookode Lake is a beautiful lake in Vythri where you can spend the evening with family or friends. Honestly, it’s nowhere close in comparison with Banasura Sagara Lake in terms of beauty or enormity. But if you have seen all the above, or missed some of them for some reason and still have time left, you can check this out. Here you will find the good old peddle-boats and kayaks for sailing in the lake. You can also rent a bike to tour around this lake. There are a cafe, an aquarium and a fish-spa inside the premises.

Entry Ticket – Rs. 30 for adults

*The parking area is over 300 meters away uphill from the gate.

Karlad Lake

Karlad Lake is another adventure hub outside the Banasura Sagara Lake. It is smaller and much less attractive than the former, just like the Pookode lake. Lotus blossoms float in the lake adds to its charm. The entry fee for this lake is Rs. 30 per adult.

These are my favorite places and experiences in Wayanad. I missed the Thirunelly Temple on both my visits so skipped that in my reviews.

What to eat in Wayanad?

Thanks to its geography, Wayanad produces a large variety of spices and herbs that lend a unique taste to its cuisine. We tasted the Kerala Porota and King-fish curry for the first time on our first trip to Wayanad and fell in love with it. On our second trip, we tasted another novel dish – Bamboo Biryani. Wayanad is famous for Bamboo rice, that is, rice cooked inside a bamboo log. I can’t recommend enough of the Wilton Hotel in Sultan Bathery for lunch in Wayanad. It seemed to be the most famous and largest restaurant of Wayanad which has been visited by the who’s who of Kerala and India. That itself raised our expectations but the food did leave up to it. Although Wayanad’s population is mostly non-vegetarians, there is no dearth of vegan dishes in its cuisines. That includes puttu, Appam Stu, Kerala Porota, vegetable curry, etc.

How to reach Wayanad?

The nearest airports from Waynad are Kochi (260 km) and Bangalore (275 km via Bandipur). There are many buses from both the cities to Wayanad. I strongly recommend using the Kerala State Transport buses or the Karnataka State Transport buses. Airavat buses are Karnataka based AC Volvo bus services with excellent standards of service and punctuality.

A self-drive road-trip from Bangalore to Wayanad is outstanding. However, if you don’t have a car it makes sense to hire a Jeep or SUV instead of a 2-wheel-drive. Some places like the Chembra peak base is accessible only through 4-wheel-drive.

If you hire a car from Bangalore or any place outside Kerala, ensure that the driver gets the state-permit. Also remember that Bandipur remains closed between 9 pm to 6 am, so plan your driving route accordingly.

Best Travel Resources


So, are you excited to visit Wayanad soon? Or pay a second visit to the heavenly abode of nature? Do you have any other questions on Wayanad trip? Share with me in the comments section. You can check out more Waynad photos on our FB album. If you like the post please share it across.


Wayanad Itinerary - A Comprehensive Travel Guide to visit the best places in Kerala, India. Tea gardens, coffee groves, lakes, mountains- it's truly a paradise.


  • Watch the web series  Jubilee on Prime – A heartfelt love letter to Hindi Cinema which smartly blends fiction and reality, resulting in a gripping drama set in the 1940s’ world of cinema. I can’t remember last when I was so bewitched by a book or a movie
  • Another series I loved, (though not as much as Jubilee) is Dahaad. Despite its flaws, Dahaad is a watchable crime thriller with rock-solid performances by Vijay Verma, Gulshan Devaiah and Sonakshi Sinha (in that order)
  • Watch Citadel on Prime – the sleek spy thriller with Priyanka Chopra in the lead role. Honestly, it’s way too cheesy and unrealistic for my taste, but it’s gripping, and PC is quite amazing
  • For my kind of spy thriller, I recommend “Family Man” season 1 and season 2, and eagerly look forward to season 3
  • Watch
  • Currently grooving on Amazon Music : Cocomelon on the loop for my kiddo

Let’s stay connected on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter. You can also subscribe to our fortnightly newsletters for a special South India travel guide and receive blog updates. We mail only once in 2 weeks.

Important Disclaimer: All pictures and experiences shared are my own. Please don’t reproduce any of these without my consent. You can reach out to me using the Contact Us form.

Sinjana Ghosh

Sinjana Ghosh is a full-time business professional with a penchant for writing and travel planning. Backpack & Explore is a journal of her travel stories and tips she collected from her experience. She is the author of the travel book “Postcards from India” which is available on Amazon, Flipkart and Notionpress.com

  • 1


  1. Lauren September 1, 2019

    What a beautiful place to visit! Not going to lie I had to look up the location! I think the waterfalls and especially wildlife safaris is where you’d find me! Love the lush and greenery!

    1. Sinjana Ghosh September 2, 2019

      Thank you. Wayanad is not world-famous, so it’s expected that you might not know about it.

  2. Laureen September 3, 2019

    I wasn’t familiar with this place, glad you included a map. My husband and I love to hike so I’m intrigued with that. Thanks for opening my eyes to a new place! Saving for future reference.

  3. Jen Morrow November 5, 2019

    The tea estates are high on my list and now I need to add spice plantations. The smaller owned plantations would be ideal to see the entire process, without crowds of people. The map really helps demonstrate how far apart everything is.

    1. Sinjana Ghosh November 5, 2019

      Thanks Jen. Hope you visit the tea gardens of India soon!

  4. Karen November 5, 2019

    What an incredible itinerary. Amazing how just three short days can give you such a wonderful diverse experience.

    1. Sinjana Ghosh November 6, 2019

      Thanks Karen. I read and dream a lot about slow travel but unfortunately most working professionals like us don’t have the luxury of time. These short weekend trips are what keeps our wanderlust spirit alive.

  5. Ann November 5, 2019

    Is coffee and tea from India that different from the once in europe`?

    I have to admit, that I have never even heard of this place :O Shame on me, but I give a great thanks for the education 🙂

    1. Sinjana Ghosh November 6, 2019

      Thanks Ann. There are many treasures of India that people are unaware of. Nothing to be ashamed of. As far as I know the best quality tea and coffee produced in India are exported to the West because they are way too expensive for Indian markets.

    2. Ann December 9, 2019

      India is really starting to grow on me, I am getting more and more intrigued. And to be honest, if I could afford one more, longer trip in 2020, it would probobly be to India 🙂

  6. Jay Artale November 5, 2019

    This looks like the type of place to slow travel your way through. I like the idea of using homestays to explore this part of the world, but how to you find out where they are. Is there a website that lists them all?

    1. Sinjana Ghosh November 6, 2019

      Hi Jay,
      The homestays for Wayanad can be searched on the Indian hotel booking sites like MakeMyTrip.com or even on HotelsCombined. Makemytrip has separate category for homestays.

  7. Natalie November 6, 2019

    Jumping on a bamboo raft to reach Kuruva island looks like an amazing adventure!

  8. Nancy Hann November 6, 2019

    Thank you for sharing so much helpful information Sinjana! This looks like a beautiful area. I love the idea of a homestay on a coffee plantation. That would be so interesting to learn and connect with the farmers. The waterfall looks gorgeous. So many things to do in this area. It would be hard to narrow down choices. I can see why you’d want to stay for at least a few days.

    1. Sinjana Ghosh November 6, 2019

      Thanks Nancy. This is a beautiful part of India. You must visit if you are travelling to India

  9. Sharon November 6, 2019

    India is beautiful and this post gives a comprehensive guide of a place I had never ever thought of travelling to. Thanks for sharing

  10. Sarah November 6, 2019

    How did I manage a trip to Kerala but not know about Wayanad? Roaming around lakes, forests and tea plantations sounds heavenly. Would love to stay on a coffee plantation. If you can’t get a proper coffee there, where can you!

  11. Karthika November 6, 2019

    This is such a beautiful part of India and I am so glad that things are improving after the horrible floods. It certainly is God’s country with all the culture and hertiage

  12. Leah November 6, 2019

    Wayanad looks beautiful! I hadn’t heard of it before, but now I want to pack my bags! Soochipara Falls would be a must-see for me, but the caves and lookout look stunning too.

  13. Georgina November 7, 2019

    Did not know about this place and your highlights have certainly made me think of including it in my itinerary if I should visit this part of the world. Love the lush green and the views.

  14. Sharon November 7, 2019

    The waterfall photo is lovely. Wayanad is a beautiful place that I didn’t know anything about. The raft ride looks fun, too!

  15. Anna Intrepid Scout November 7, 2019

    Wow! Breathtaking area! Just wonderful for a weekend getaway. I love the scenery and your photos are spectacular!

  16. Jennifer Mostert November 12, 2019

    I must confess to having to google Wayanad. It looks like a beautiful place to visit with spectacular scenery. Thank you for telling me about this hidden treasure.

  17. Nadia December 8, 2019

    Wow great itinerary! Very well thought out!

  18. Wendy Lee December 10, 2019

    Wow, Wayanad sounds like such a fascinating place in India. Before reading your article I had never heard of it and now I want to visit. The caves sound particularly interesting. Thanks for all the great information.

  19. Jan January 29, 2020

    Wayanad is truly fascinating! We visited the place a few years ago and your post evoked the nostalgia about this place. The best time to visit is always the cooler time of the year as Kerala can get quite humid in summer. 🙂

  20. Bharat Taxi July 15, 2020

    Amazing itinerary!!! It looks like you have covered almost every place. A very detailed, inspiring and informative post, all pictures are extremely beautiful.

  21. jenny October 18, 2020

    nice, India blogs always makes me excited to explore. love from London…

  22. Reshal Shah December 3, 2020

    If we wish to do a complete experience of Wayanad and around (don’t minnd more travel too) because we have 8 days, what do you suggest? How many days in Wayanad and how many elsewhere?

    1. Sinjana Ghosh December 3, 2020

      Hi Reshal,
      If you have 8 days you can easily spend 3 full days in Wayanad. After that you drive to Oooty, Coonoor and Kodaikanal if you are into forests and hills. Or you can head south to the beaches.
      Feel free to reach out to me with more questions.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *